Access to Lifesaving Assets Including Piped Water and Sanitation Largely Reserved for the Wealthy in Lower Income Countries
November 16, 2018
A new study published by PHI today in PLOS ONE showed that in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), access to critical environmental health assets is severely limited for the poorest segments of the population. Among the poorest three-fifths of households, less than 50% had access to piped water, modern cooking fuels, electricity and improved sanitation. Rural households of all wealth levels had lower rates of access to all assets examined, with the exception of bed nets for malaria prevention.
“Lack of access to these basic environmental health assets is known to contribute significantly to the global burden of disease,” said lead author Jay Graham, PhD, MPH, a research director at PHI. “This study suggests that if we are to reduce this disease burden, we need additional strategies to target the lowest income homes—particularly in rural areas.” more
November 14, 2018
The Carol Emmott Fellowship, a program of the Public Health Institute, has selected 18 women from 16 health organizations nationwide for its class of 2019. These women will be part of a unique program for accomplished professionals who have demonstrated potential to ascend to senior executive and board-level roles. more
October 17, 2018
An extensive evaluation of the State of California's Green Chemistry Initiative (GCI) on its tenth anniversary has recognized its strengths and weaknesses, and makes ten recommendations for streamlining and improving the program. Principal author Gina M. Solomon, a physician at UCSF and Principal Investigator at the Public Health Institute, said, "California's Green Chemistry Initiative has pioneered an innovative approach to replacing toxic chemicals in consumer products with safer alternatives." The major piece of the GCI is its Safer Consumer Products (SCP) program, run by CalEPA's Department of Toxic Substances Control (DTSC). more
September 26, 2018
A 10% increase in access to alcohol outlets was significantly associated with a 4.2% rise in violent crime in Baltimore, MD, a new study from ARG postdoctoral fellow Pamela Trangenstein found. Trangenstein and her team from Johns Hopkins also assessed whether the type of outlet made a difference, with results showing that greater access to off-site outlets was associated with a 4.4% increase in violent crime compared to 3% for on-site. This is the first ecologic study in the U.S. to use spatial access methods to compare on- and off-site outlets. more
Leading Health Organizations Rally Around Call to Action to Protect People’s Health from Climate Change
September 12, 2018
Today dozens of leading health organizations representing more than five million doctors, nurses and public health professionals, and 17,000 hospitals, in more than 120 countries announced commitments and unveiled a Call to Action on Climate and Health aimed at accelerating stronger advocacy and action in addressing climate change—the greatest health threat of the 21st century. The commitments were made as part of the Global Climate and Health Forum, an affiliate event to the Global Climate Action Summit in San Francisco hosted by PHI, the U.S. Climate and Health Alliance, Health Care Without Harm, the University of California San Francisco (UCSF) Global Health Group, and the Global Climate and Health Alliance. more
June 19, 2018
A new assessment of marijuana use in Washington State published by PHI's Alcohol Research Group found only a 1.2 percentage point increase in past year use after recreational marijuana was legalized—suggesting that a previous report showing an increase of 3.8 percentage points may have been overestimated due to respondents underreporting their consumption when marijuana was still illegal.
"If our study better represents how often people used the drug, marijuana legalization’s short-term impact on use in the state may have been quite small," said William C. Kerr, lead author and senior scientist at the Alcohol Research Group. more
June 18, 2018
A majority of state-level policies targeting women’s alcohol consumption during pregnancy—even policies designed to support pregnant women—lead to more adverse birth outcomes and less prenatal care utilization, according to a new study from the Alcohol Research Group, a program of the Public Health Institute, and Advancing New Standards in Reproductive Health (ANSIRH), a program at the University of California, San Francisco, published today in Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research.
“Presumably these policies are intended to improve birth outcomes and longer-term child wellbeing, but our study suggests that regardless of whether these policies are designed to be supportive or punitive, at best they do nothing, and at worst they cause measurable harm,” said lead author Meenakshi Sabina Subbaraman, Ph.D., a biostatistician with the Alcohol Research Group. more
USAID Awards Public Health Institute $94 Million to Develop Global Health Professionals and Build Long-Term Collaborative Partnerships
May 02, 2018
The Public Health Institute (PHI) is pleased to announce that the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) has awarded it a $94 million Cooperative Agreement, the Sustaining Technical and Analytical Resources (STAR) project. Through STAR, PHI will continue to identify and strengthen the capacity of diverse and international, talented global health professionals at all levels to make innovative, measurable contributions to the field. The STAR project also focuses on building long-term partnerships and systems between U.S. and low-and-middle-income country (LMIC) health-focused academic and professional institutions to facilitate learning and technical excellence within the broader global health community. more
April 26, 2018
A network of air monitors installed by community members in California’s Imperial County has found 10 times more episodes of high particulate matter (PM2.5) levels than had been detected by the government’s regulatory monitors, according to preliminary findings presented today by local organization Comité Cívico del Valle, the Public Health Institute’s California Environmental Health Tracking Program (CEHTP) and researchers from the University of Washington.
“Communities deserve accurate, understandable and actionable information about their local levels of pollution, so they can protect their health,” said CEHTP’s Michelle Wong, MPH. “This new information, brought to light through a scientifically-rigorous, community-designed air monitoring network, means residents in the Imperial Valley are also better equipped to engage with the government and to advocate for better air policy and ultimately, better air.” more
March 14, 2018
Marin County ranks healthiest in California and Lake County is the least healthy county in the state, according to the ninth annual County Health Rankings, released today by the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (RWJF) and the University of Wisconsin Population Health Institute (UWPHI).
“The County Health Rankings crystalize what we know from practice: the factors that shape health and determine who has access to it are deeply embedded in our society,” said Mary A. Pittman, DrPH, CEO and president of the Public Health Institute. more
February 26, 2018
People with an alcohol use disorder who participated in alternative mutual help groups had abstinence outcomes equivalent to those who participated in traditional 12-step groups at the same level, a new study from the Alcohol Research Group, a program of the Public Health Institute, found. This is the first longitudinal, comparative study of 12-step groups and their alternatives, including Women for Sobriety (WFS), LifeRing Secular Recovery (LifeRing), and SMART Recovery (SMART). more
Leading Global Gender Equality Organizations Launch Ambitious Collective Effort to Increase Economic Power of Women and Girls in India
February 06, 2018
Some of the world’s most effective and engaged gender equality organizations will harness their individual expertise into an innovative collective impact project that aims to increase the economic power of women and girls in India. The three year project, “Collective Impact Partners: Women's and Girl’s Economic Empowerment Advocacy in India,” will be led by the Global Fund for Women, Global Women’s Leadership Network, Public Health Institute, Rise Up and World Pulse. more
December 06, 2017
A new tool increases transparency in discovering how local hospitals support efforts to improve health and wellness in their communities, as mandated by the federal government. Community Benefit Insight (CBI) is a clearinghouse of data on how hospitals meet federal community benefit requirements. The release of Community Benefit Insight coincides with the launch of the Center to Advance Community Health and Equity—or CACHE—an organization aimed at increasing alignment and impact of community efforts to improve population health. CACHE is housed at the Public Health Institute. more
November 29, 2017
The Carol Emmott Fellowship, based at the Public Health Institute, selected 18 women from 15 health organizations nationwide for its class of 2018. They will be part of a one-of-a-kind program for accomplished professionals who have demonstrated potential to ascend to senior executive and board-level roles.
The fellowship is tailored to expand the connections and experiences that top leadership candidates require to have the most influence in improving health for all. Fellows are nominated by their sponsoring organization and compete for acceptance into the program with a proposed impact project that transcends their current role to advance an area of health. They continue to work for their organizations during the fellowship, which provides them with more opportunities to build networking relationships with other top leaders as well as exercise high-level skills as they implement their impact projects. The program fills a crucial unmet need in overcoming gender disparity by accelerating the leadership capacity and impact of women leaders in health. Women are underrepresented in senior executive and board-level positions in health because of systemic barriers that influence decision making. more
October 06, 2017
A local librarian in Humboldt County who successfully reversed an opioid overdose before paramedics arrived may serve as the new model for stemming California’s opioid death rate. The Public Health Institute (PHI) announces today it will take a leadership role to manage and build capacity in the California Health Care Foundation (CHCF)’s California Opioid Safety Network.
In 2016, five Californians died every day in from opioid overdoses. PHI’s Center for Health Leadership and Practice (CHLP) will work with a broad spectrum of stakeholders to shift how we talk about addiction, manage pain, and ensure that the most important tools — safer prescribing practices, medication-assisted treatment (MAT) and harm reduction strategies such as making naloxone, a medication that reverses the deadly potential of opioid overdose more widely available — are acceptable, accessible, and affordable to all. Forty VISTA volunteers a year, up to 120 over a three year period, will join the effort, helping to deepen community outreach and engagement. more
September 12, 2017
A new study from the Alcohol Research Group, a program of the Public Health Institute, shows a sharp increase in marijuana use in the U.S. since 2005. Marijuana use among women has almost doubled, from 5.5% in 1984 to 10.6% in 2015. Men’s use declined from the 1980s to 2000 but has since increased to 14.7%, matching earlier rates. However, the research suggests that these increases in use were not specifically associated with medicinal or recreational marijuana legalization. more
May 16, 2017
A new analysis of City of Berkeley economic data released by a Public Health Institute researcher found that a year and a half after passage of the nation’s first large soda tax, food sector sales tax revenue rose by 15% in the city, and 469 new food sector jobs were created—an increase of 7.2%. more
April 27, 2017
Oakland, CA — As concerns about lead exposure peak across the U.S., a new PHI study published in Pediatrics indicates that lead reporting may be capturing just 2 out of every 3 children poisoned by lead. "Assessing Child Lead Poisoning Case Ascertainment in the US, 1999-2010," found states where more than 80% of lead-poisoned children remain unidentified—and researchers expect that testing rates have only declined in the subsequent years. more
April 18, 2017
A new study published in PLOS Medicine by the Public Health Institute and the University of North Carolina showed that Berkeley’s sugar sweetened beverage tax is working as intended.
“Changes in prices, sales, consumer spending ,and beverage consumption one year after a tax on sugar-sweetened beverages in Berkeley, California, US: A before-and-after study” is the largest-to-date evaluation of the nation’s first sugar sweetened beverage (SSB) tax, covering 15.5 million supermarket checkouts. It found that the volume of sugar sweetened beverages sold in Berkeley declined significantly, by 9.6%, in the year following implementation. Because sales for healthier beverages also rose, there was no negative impact on overall beverage sales at studied local businesses. Overall grocery bills (consumer spending per checkout) did not go up.
“The Berkeley tax is a home run—residents chose healthier options, it raised revenue for promoting health, and we saw no evidence of higher grocery bills for consumers or harm to local business revenue,” said lead author Lynn Silver, MD, MPH, of the Oakland-based Public Health Institute. “These findings suggest that sugary drink taxes make health and economic sense.” more
April 12, 2017
People with alcohol use disorders (AUD) who live in poorer neighborhoods in Sweden were less likely to pick up prescriptions to help treat their disease than those living in areas that are more affluent, a new study from PHI's Alcohol Research Group found. The study was published online in the journal Addiction.
Several AUD medications can play an effective role in addressing this condition. Researchers also found decreased rates of prescription pick-up among individuals with AUD who had lower incomes and less education. Women also were less likely to pick up medication, as were foreign-born individuals. These differences are likely due, at least in part, to differences in physicians’ prescribing practices in poorer neighborhoods. more