July 22, 2019
A new clinical trial shows that intensive motivational interviewing (IMI), an intervention that was first used to treat methamphetamine dependence, is highly effective in curbing how much women with alcohol problems drank two months after the program ended with consumption levels sustained at the six-month follow-up. Women who were heavy drinkers experienced the greatest effect. Heavy drinking was defined as drinking 14 or more days to the point of intoxication over the past 30 days. The study from the Alcohol Research Group (ARG), a program of the Public Health Institute, found that IMI produced fewer drinking days and fewer heavy drinking days than the comparison group with trend analysis indicating that the effect would most likely be sustained long term. Other treatment programs have shown only minor to moderate effects that decline over time. more
July 01, 2019
Each year, one in five U.S. adults—an estimated 53 million people—experience harm because of someone else’s drinking, according to new research from PHI's Alcohol Research Group, published in the Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs. Similar to how policymakers have addressed the effects of secondhand smoke over the last two decades, society needs to combat the secondhand effects of drinking, the authors state, calling alcohol’s harm to others “a significant public health issue.”
According to the study—an analysis of U.S. national survey data—some 21% of women and 23% of men, an estimated 53 million adults, experienced harm because of someone else’s drinking in the last 12 months. These harms could be threats or harassment, ruined property or vandalism, physical aggression, harms related to driving, or financial or family problems. The most common harm was threats or harassment, reported by 16% of survey respondents. more
June 04, 2019
State alcohol policies may keep friends from harm, according to a new study released by PHI's Alcohol Research Group (ARG), published in Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research. In states with stronger alcohol polices, secondhand harms—including being hit, pushed or assaulted, having your property vandalized, or being a victim of a traffic accident caused by a driver who had been drinking—were reduced for those around drinkers under 40. more
April 01, 2019
The Public Health Institute was named today as one of the 50 "Best Nonprofits To Work For" by The NonProfit Times, a nonprofit business management publication. This is the third time PHI has applied for the award, and the third time it has received the recognition.
“To be a great place to work, PHI first takes care of its employees, who in turn do great work,” said PHI President and CEO Mary A. Pittman, DrPH. “Our 600+ employees are our greatest asset and the driving force behind what we do. This award affirms our commitment to providing a workplace that supports employee development, provides excellent benefits, and creates a community of committed colleagues who share ideas, exchange best practices and celebrate each other.” more
March 19, 2019
Marin County ranks healthiest in California and Lake County is the least healthy county in the state, according to the annual County Health Rankings, released today by the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation and the University of Wisconsin Population Health Institute. This year’s Rankings State Reports show stark differences across and within counties in the opportunity to afford a home. The affordability burden is particularly acute for those with low incomes as well as people of color.
“When housing is unaffordable, it impacts all other social determinants of health—from education to employment,” said Mary A. Pittman, DrPH, President and CEO of the Oakland-based Public Health Institute, which helps disseminate the County Health Rankings in California. “The housing affordability crisis in California is a public health crisis." more
March 04, 2019
Could some individuals with past alcohol use disorders successfully substitute cannabis for alcohol? A new study published today by PHI's Alcohol Research Group suggests it may be possible for some. Among people treated for alcohol use disorder, mid-level cannabis use was linked to persistent alcohol problems, but the researchers found no significant differences between heavy users and cannabis abstainers.
"Although heavy cannabis use is certainly not risk-free, taken together with results from our other studies, these findings suggest that the heaviest cannabis use is not linked to persistent alcohol problems," said ARG's Meenakshi Sabina Subbaraman. “With more jurisdictions considering legalization, we need to better understand how cannabis use affects alcohol consumption.” more
February 13, 2019
The Public Health Institute’s Bridge program has selected 31 health facilities from across the state to participate in the California Bridge Program, an accelerated training program for healthcare providers that will enhance access to around-the-clock substance use disorder treatment in California communities hit hardest by the opioid epidemic. more
February 13, 2019
All women exposed to high levels of DDT are at increased risk for breast cancer through age 54, but the timing of cancer risk depends on when they were first exposed, according to a new study published today in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute. more
February 11, 2019
The way we currently measure how much alcohol each person is consuming may be less accurate than previously thought, according to a new study from the Alcohol Research Group, a program of the Public Health Institute. The study authors offer a new way to determine per capita alcohol consumption that accounts for changes to the alcohol content of alcoholic beverages and people’s drinking preferences over time.
The new consumption estimates showed that Americans aged 15 and older drank on average 303 drinks in 2016, up from about 281 drinks in 2003. The growth in consumer preferences for beverage types with a higher and increasing %ABV and a decrease in preference for lower %ABV beverage types accounted for the changes in the %ABV and consumption estimates. more
January 08, 2019
A new study from the Silent Spring Institute and PHI's Child Health and Development Studies suggests certain types of consumer behaviors, including flossing with Oral-B Glide dental floss, contribute to elevated levels in the body of toxic PFAS chemicals. PFAS are water- and grease-proof substances that have been linked with numerous health problems. The findings provide new insight into how these chemicals end up in people’s bodies and how consumers can limit their exposures by modifying their behavior. more
Access to Lifesaving Assets Including Piped Water and Sanitation Largely Reserved for the Wealthy in Lower Income Countries
November 16, 2018
A new study published by PHI today in PLOS ONE showed that in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), access to critical environmental health assets is severely limited for the poorest segments of the population. Among the poorest three-fifths of households, less than 50% had access to piped water, modern cooking fuels, electricity and improved sanitation. Rural households of all wealth levels had lower rates of access to all assets examined, with the exception of bed nets for malaria prevention.
“Lack of access to these basic environmental health assets is known to contribute significantly to the global burden of disease,” said lead author Jay Graham, PhD, MPH, a research director at PHI. “This study suggests that if we are to reduce this disease burden, we need additional strategies to target the lowest income homes—particularly in rural areas.” more
November 14, 2018
The Carol Emmott Fellowship, a program of the Public Health Institute, has selected 18 women from 16 health organizations nationwide for its class of 2019. These women will be part of a unique program for accomplished professionals who have demonstrated potential to ascend to senior executive and board-level roles. more
October 17, 2018
An extensive evaluation of the State of California's Green Chemistry Initiative (GCI) on its tenth anniversary has recognized its strengths and weaknesses, and makes ten recommendations for streamlining and improving the program. Principal author Gina M. Solomon, a physician at UCSF and Principal Investigator at the Public Health Institute, said, "California's Green Chemistry Initiative has pioneered an innovative approach to replacing toxic chemicals in consumer products with safer alternatives." The major piece of the GCI is its Safer Consumer Products (SCP) program, run by CalEPA's Department of Toxic Substances Control (DTSC). more
September 26, 2018
A 10% increase in access to alcohol outlets was significantly associated with a 4.2% rise in violent crime in Baltimore, MD, a new study from ARG postdoctoral fellow Pamela Trangenstein found. Trangenstein and her team from Johns Hopkins also assessed whether the type of outlet made a difference, with results showing that greater access to off-site outlets was associated with a 4.4% increase in violent crime compared to 3% for on-site. This is the first ecologic study in the U.S. to use spatial access methods to compare on- and off-site outlets. more
Leading Health Organizations Rally Around Call to Action to Protect People’s Health from Climate Change
September 12, 2018
Today dozens of leading health organizations representing more than five million doctors, nurses and public health professionals, and 17,000 hospitals, in more than 120 countries announced commitments and unveiled a Call to Action on Climate and Health aimed at accelerating stronger advocacy and action in addressing climate change—the greatest health threat of the 21st century. The commitments were made as part of the Global Climate and Health Forum, an affiliate event to the Global Climate Action Summit in San Francisco hosted by PHI, the U.S. Climate and Health Alliance, Health Care Without Harm, the University of California San Francisco (UCSF) Global Health Group, and the Global Climate and Health Alliance. more
June 19, 2018
A new assessment of marijuana use in Washington State published by PHI's Alcohol Research Group found only a 1.2 percentage point increase in past year use after recreational marijuana was legalized—suggesting that a previous report showing an increase of 3.8 percentage points may have been overestimated due to respondents underreporting their consumption when marijuana was still illegal.
"If our study better represents how often people used the drug, marijuana legalization’s short-term impact on use in the state may have been quite small," said William C. Kerr, lead author and senior scientist at the Alcohol Research Group. more
June 18, 2018
A majority of state-level policies targeting women’s alcohol consumption during pregnancy—even policies designed to support pregnant women—lead to more adverse birth outcomes and less prenatal care utilization, according to a new study from the Alcohol Research Group, a program of the Public Health Institute, and Advancing New Standards in Reproductive Health (ANSIRH), a program at the University of California, San Francisco, published today in Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research.
“Presumably these policies are intended to improve birth outcomes and longer-term child wellbeing, but our study suggests that regardless of whether these policies are designed to be supportive or punitive, at best they do nothing, and at worst they cause measurable harm,” said lead author Meenakshi Sabina Subbaraman, Ph.D., a biostatistician with the Alcohol Research Group. more
USAID Awards Public Health Institute $94 Million to Develop Global Health Professionals and Build Long-Term Collaborative Partnerships
May 02, 2018
The Public Health Institute (PHI) is pleased to announce that the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) has awarded it a $94 million Cooperative Agreement, the Sustaining Technical and Analytical Resources (STAR) project. Through STAR, PHI will continue to identify and strengthen the capacity of diverse and international, talented global health professionals at all levels to make innovative, measurable contributions to the field. The STAR project also focuses on building long-term partnerships and systems between U.S. and low-and-middle-income country (LMIC) health-focused academic and professional institutions to facilitate learning and technical excellence within the broader global health community. more
April 26, 2018
A network of air monitors installed by community members in California’s Imperial County has found 10 times more episodes of high particulate matter (PM2.5) levels than had been detected by the government’s regulatory monitors, according to preliminary findings presented today by local organization Comité Cívico del Valle, the Public Health Institute’s California Environmental Health Tracking Program (CEHTP) and researchers from the University of Washington.
“Communities deserve accurate, understandable and actionable information about their local levels of pollution, so they can protect their health,” said CEHTP’s Michelle Wong, MPH. “This new information, brought to light through a scientifically-rigorous, community-designed air monitoring network, means residents in the Imperial Valley are also better equipped to engage with the government and to advocate for better air policy and ultimately, better air.” more
March 14, 2018
Marin County ranks healthiest in California and Lake County is the least healthy county in the state, according to the ninth annual County Health Rankings, released today by the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (RWJF) and the University of Wisconsin Population Health Institute (UWPHI).
“The County Health Rankings crystalize what we know from practice: the factors that shape health and determine who has access to it are deeply embedded in our society,” said Mary A. Pittman, DrPH, CEO and president of the Public Health Institute. more